Posted on May 18, 2007 by
|Br J Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;190:339-43.||Related Articles, Links|
Association between trauma exposure and delusional experiences in a large community-based sample.
Kids in Mind Research, Mater Children’s Hospital, South Brisbane and Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, Wacol, Queensland.
BACKGROUND: Surveys have found that otherwise well individuals report delusional experiences. Previous studies have shown an association between psychotic symptoms and exposure to trauma. AIMS: To explore the association between trauma and delusional experiences in a community sample. METHOD: Respondents (n=10 641) were assessed for delusional experiences, exposure to various types of traumatic experiences and the presence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The endorsement of delusional items was examined in people exposed to traumatic events who did or did not have PTSD. RESULTS: Exposure to any traumatic event but without the development of PTSD was associated with increased endorsement of delusional experiences (relative risk 2.68, 95% CI 2.18-3.30) and there was a significant dose-response relationship between the number of types of traumatic events and endorsement of such experiences (chi(2) =26.74, d.f.=2, P<0.001). A diagnosis of PTSD further increased endorsement of delusional experiences (RR=9.24, 95% CI 6.95-12.27). The association between PTSD and delusional experiences remained significant after adjusting for factors associated with psychotic symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Further investigation into the pathways between trauma, delusions and psychosis may provide insights into shared aetiological mechanisms underpinning these conditions.
PMID: 17401041 [PubMed – in process]