Posted on November 11, 2008 by
Hot flashes and panic attacks: a comparison of symptomatology, neurobiology, treatment, and a role for cognition.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Despite decades of research, the causal mechanisms of hot flashes are not adequately understood, and a biopsychosocial perspective on hot flashes remains underdeveloped. This article explores overlooked parallels between hot flashes and panic attacks within 5 areas: course and symptomatology, physiological indicators, neurocircuitry and biochemical mechanisms, pharmacotherapy, and psychological treatment, noting both similarities and important differences between the 2 events. An integrative conceptual model is presented that identifies key ways in which psychological factors may influence the experience of hot flashes, with clinical implications and areas of future research. This model yields readily testable hypotheses and may provide a template for exploring the role of cognition in the frequency and severity of hot flashes and, in turn, a basis for the development of nonpharmacological treatments. (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved.
PMID: 18298271 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]